Jerusalem Labour Market Training Centre (Lithuania)
Työtehoseura ry (Centre of Expertise in Productivity) (Finland)
Actions Intégrées de Développement, AID (Integrated Development Action) (Belgium)
Lithuanian Qualifications and Vocational Training Development Centre (Lithuania)
Lithuanian Engineering Industries Association Linpra (Lithuania)
Lithuanian Builders‘ Association (Lithuania)
Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit (Estonian Employers’ Confederation) (Estonia)
Latvijas darba deveju konfederacijas abiedriska (Latvian Employers‘ Confederation) (Latvia)
1. An In-Company Trainer Training Programme Model
2. A Model Concept for Apprenticeship Promotion
Project Aim To contribute to the development of Apprenticeship in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia Target group – in-company trainers. Indirectly - apprentices.
Objectives Of The Project
1. To increase the supply of the qualified labour staff for the economic sectors suffering from the workforce shortage and to help to match skills for the job, to cover skill gaps as well as skill deficits through efficient apprenticeship training.
2. To increase the popularity of apprenticeship training through the development of a systematic apprenticeship promotion.
Methods, Studies, Piloting
Project will interview around 90 companies about their in-company trainer training needs. 30 in-company trainers will be pilot trained in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Partners from Finland and Belgium will provide the methodology and the know-how in composing the intellectual products of the project. In Lithuania, a review of the current in-company trainer training programme provision and of the legal framework will be carried out.
The Results Of The Project
- 1 The Needs Analysis and Provision Review. The needs will be found out through face-to-face or telephone interviews of companies. Latvian, Estonian and Lithuanian partners will interview companies in their own countries. For that purpose, a questionnaire will be developed. Current provision of similar training programmes will also be reviewed.
- 30-50 companies interviewed
- 1 Methodology Review. All participant countries will research the available methodology on the development of the In-Company Trainer Training Programme.
- 1 In-Company Trainer Training Programme Model. The contents of the Model will be established after the Needs Assessment and Methodology Review are completed. Model might embrace such topics as establishing competences required for a job, preparation of a training plan, methodology on how most effectively to convey the knowledge to an apprentice, training documentation, communication with apprentices, assessment of apprentices and /or similar.
- 1 Resource Kit for In-Company Trainer. It will be a collection of instructions to remind the main principles on the preparation, training and evaluation of trainees.
- 4 adapted versions of the Model of In-Company Trainer Training Programme for Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland.
- 1-3 Profession Specific In-company Trainer Training programmes (e.g. for training roofers, welders)
- 30 In-Company Trainers trained
- 1 Concept Model for Apprenticeship Promotion. It will encompass the main directions in aiming to attract more people to take learning in the apprenticeship form.
- 4 adapted versions of the Concept of Apprenticeship Promotion for Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Belgium.
- 3 Promotional Templates for Apprenticeship: Leaflet, Poster, Information Letter to Companies.
- 12 seminars organised with youth and the unemployed to promote apprenticeship
- 3 seminars organised with Heads of business enterprises to promote apprenticeship
- 6 articles published (3 paper and 3 online) to promote apprenticeship.
--- 08 06 2017
INTERNATIONAL PARTNER MEETING IN VILNIUS
On 8 June 2017, the partners held the final international meeting of the project "Apprenticeship Development: In-Company Trainer Training and Apprenticeship Promotion”.
Project partners: Lithuania – Public Organization Jeruzalės Labour Market Training Centre, the Qualifications and VET Development Centre under the ministry of Education and Science, Lithuanian Builders Association, Lithuanian Engineering Industry Association LINPRA; Latvia - Latvian Employers’ confederation; Estonia - Estonian Employers' Association; Finland - Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit (Labour productivity enhancement Institute); Belgium - Actions Intégrées de Développement AID (Belgian education network).
These topics have been discussed:
- In-Company trainer training piloting in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
- Finnish legislation amendments encouraging a reform of the vocational education.
- Other project aspects and administration.
In June, the partners held the third international meeting of the project "Apprenticeship Development: In-Company Trainer Training and Apprenticeship Promotion”. Project partners: Lithuania – Public Organization Jeruzalės Labour Market Training Centre, the Qualifications and VET Development Centre under the ministry of Education and Science, Lithuanian Builders Association, Lithuanian Engineering Industry Association LINPRA; Latvia - Latvian Employers’ confederation; Estonia - Estonian Employers' Association; Finland - Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit (Labour productivity enhancement Institute); Belgium - Actions Intégrées de Développement AID (Belgian education network).
The meeting was opened up by a new representative of TTS, Anu Ahtela. She introduced herself and reviewed the goals of the project. Her speech was followed by the partners introductions.
Further, each partners gave a presentation of the In-Company training programme. During the meeting in Brussels in April 2016, each partner has a task to prepare 1-2 topics of training material for the In-Company training programme. It was noted that all the presentations were informative and well prepared, however, very different and eclectic. The partners agreed that one mutual form of the training material will be designed by VJLMTC and sent out to the partners to transfer their current material into the new format. All partners paid much attention to the Work and Safety training. However, partners have failed to include practical exercises and self-check questions.
The next subject was related to discussing and exchanging of good practices on the topics of the Training Programme. The views of the partners were different and it was noted that smaller workgroups should decide how to go further.
Vinga Lescinskiene, the representative of VJLMTC, has presented the model of Lithuania for the Apprenticeship Promotion Concept piloting. All the partners approved this model. It was discussed what kind of information was available to everyone on the possibilities to disseminate the concept of apprenticeship. It was decided that each partner can choose the means of dissemination for themselves. Also, the certificate was discussed – what it should contain. It was decided that partners of Lithuania will send model version for others.
On the morning of the second meeting day, each partner gave a proposal for the Apprenticeship Promotion Concept MODEL.
Based on the proposals, it was decided the content of the model:
• Current situation
• Aims of Apprenticeship promotion
• Target groups – employers (for example employers association), general public/society, youth, adults, enterprise, VET schools, teachers
• Vision and main direction
• Model Table (Work strategy and communication – table)
Further, the Individual Dissemination Plan was filled in by each partner and after that there were the presentation of administration regarding the financing of the project.
In April, the partners held the second international meeting for the project "Apprenticeship Development: In-Company Trainer Training and Apprenticeship Promotion”. Project partners: Lithuania – Public Organization Jeruzalės Labour Market Training Centre, the Qualifications and VET Development Centre under the ministry of Education and Science, Lithuanian Builders Association, Lithuanian Engineering Industry Association LINPRA; Latvia - Latvian Employers’ confederation; Estonia - Estonian Employers' Association; Finland - Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit (Labour productivity enhancement Institute); Belgium - Actions Intégrées de Développement AID (Belgian education network).
It was decided to organise a meeting in Brussels in spite of the recent terrorist attacks. The meeting lasted for 2 days and was productive.
The meeting was moderated by the project manager Rasa Lužytė. On the first day, the partners gave presentations on the company surveys conducted in the Baltic countries. Following that, the partners worked on developing the In-Company Trainer Training programme.
The surveys of the companies were conducted in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. In total, about 90 companies were interviewed. The company directors and managers responsible for staff employment were asked to indicate the topics which could be included in the In-Company Trainer Training programme. The survey showed about 80 percent of businesses have heard of the opportunity to teach new employees in the form of apprenticeship in the real workplace. Of these, only 50 per cent are using this option. Of all the companies that use apprenticeship training, only about 10 percent co-work closely with educational institutions and issue the state recognized formal training certificates or at least the certificates of non-formal education. About 90 percent of companies said they would welcome the inclusion in the curriculum topics such as industry knowledge, psychological aspects of communication, training evaluation, practical tasks under their respective training program, demonstration of operations, and so on.
Further, the project partners examined the selected national and international methodology on how to write a training programme for trainers. Finnish methodology was recognised as the best example. Partners divided themselves into 2 groups and discussed the methodology aspects, the content and the structure of the training programme in a workshop exercise. The following structure was decided:
1. Training material for the 11 topics will be placed in each partner's web page.
2. An in-company trainer group (about 10 people) will be selected.
3. Students will learn the training material independently in 1-2 months.
4. Students will be brought together to avenue where they will discuss the aspects of training material together with a moderator. This will give the in-company trainers an opportunity to discuss all questions and to express criticism concerning training material. Duration of the seminar - 1 day. At the end of the workshop, the in-company trainers will be given a self-check test which will help them to understand how well they have learnt training material. Project partners agreed that the self-check questionnaires will not be marked.
5. Students will be issued with a Certificate on the successful completion of the course.
It was decided that the In-Company Trainer Training Programme will consist of 2 parts: 1. Preparation for training and 2. Training. In total, the training programme will include 11 topics: qualification structure and forms of education; qualification requirements of the specific professional field for training in the workplace; planning of training together with educational institutions representative (s); documentation; demonstration techniques of professional skills; communication with employers and representatives of educational institutions; introduction to the workplace; the training task allocation in the workplace; individual training, communication and teaching methods; training evaluation.
Each partner organization took a responsibility to prepare 1-2 topics. It was decided that the topic will be discussed at the next international partners meeting in Brussels on 07-08 June 2016 in Helsinki.
The second day was dedicated to visiting one of the Brussels training centers, which offers training in the real workplace. The school operates a dining room, which is open to all residents of the city. Residents can buy food produced by the students and they are also served by the students. This is a great opportunity to learn in a real workplace. The project partners talked to the school principal and one of the most experienced trainers discussing various questions such as qualification requirements for trainers, organization of training, recognition of knowledge and other aspects.
1st transnational partner meeting was held in Vilnius, Lithuania
The consortium of 8 partners from Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Belgium have met for their 1st transnational partner meeting within the framework of the project “Developing Apprenticeship: In-Company Trainer Training and Apprenticeship Promotion”, No. 2015-1-LT01-KA202-013415. The project is funded by the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership programme. The project is coordinated by the PO Vilnius Jerusalem labour Market Training Centre (VJLMTC) and has started on 1st September 2015 and will last 2 years.
The meeting was opened up by the Director of VJLMTC Mindaugas Černius. The Director emphasised that the project has started at the right time since the Baltic countries are implementing changes in their national vocational training systems to accommodate the form of apprenticeship training. He expressed his belief that the project will achieve worthwhile products which will help to develop the apprenticeship in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. His speech was followed by the partner introductions. All partners gave presentation about their organisations.
Further, the Project Manager Rasa Lužytė has presented the tasks for the September – December period. All partners reported on the administrative tasks already carried from the start of the project up to the day of the meeting. The tasks have been accomplished 50 per cent, which is in time with the timetable.
The next subject was related to discussing the first project activities - the Needs Assessment of companies, and the Review of the existing In-Company Trainer Training provision which embraces training programmes, methodologies, guides. It has been agreed that Lithuanian, Latvian an Estonian partners will make a review of provision in their countries, which will be sent to Finish and Belgium partners. The latter will then make their suggestions for the In-Company Trainer Training Programme Model in accord to their expertise areas – theoretical (Finland) and practical (Belgium).
To go back to the project background, according to the recent research of World Economic Forum, employers in many countries report difficulties in finding suitably skilled workers. Workforce shortages can be explained by low birth rate, emigration, uncompetitive wages, unattractive working conditions, poor recruitment policies, mismatch of skills and jobs, skill gaps and deficits in specific sectors, occupations or locations. While some of these problems require difficult economic and political decisions, the skills mismatch, skill gaps and deficits could be addressed by changes in training and recruitment practices, and by facilitating labour mobility. One of the best solutions is training in the form of apprenticeship during which 50-80 per cent of training is carried out in a workplace under the supervision of an In-Company trainer who is an experienced worker in the company (workplace instructor). Apprenticeship has been recognised by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) as the most effective way of moving from education into work. In-Company trainers play a fundamental role in apprenticeship training. However, European Centre for the development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) study reveals that while In-Company trainers are highly professional, they would benefit from training programmes which would teach them more efficient training methods. It echoes Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) statement that the central challenge in VET is to ensure that programmes meet the needs of the labour market. These studies are supported by the responses from enterprises in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia that the existing In-Company Trainer Training Programmes lack flexibility, are too long (over 100 h), and their content often does not meet the needs of the companies. The lack of an appropriate In-Company Trainer training results in a less productive apprenticeship. For that reason, the project set out to develop and pilot an In-Company Trainer Training Programme Model. The In-Company Trainer Training Programme Model will be based on the needs of companies, it will be much more flexible than the existing ones and will teach the In-Company trainers to train the apprentices in the most efficient and effective ways to match their skills for the job.
There is also a constant struggle of attracting apprentices since vocational education is considered less attractive than university education. In Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, engaging into studies within the vocational education field is often viewed as a personal failure to achieve better in life. Therefore, more promotion of and information about the vocational education, especially in the form of apprenticeship is required. To address these problems, the project will seek to develop and test the Concept of Apprenticeship Promotion. The Concept will target a wide spectrum of potential apprentices and will promote the positive image of apprenticeship.